Grace plays a very important role in the placement of a child who is an orphan in another country with an adoptive family in Arkansas. Many people seeking to adopt internationally decide to use the services of agencies that are not located, or licensed, in Arkansas. Grace Adoptions has good working relationships with over 25 agencies that are licensed in different states and that have international adoption programs in many countries. Most of these agencies are Hague accredited. Regarding adoptions from a Hague country, Grace is considered an exempt agency, which means that the functions Grace performs do not require Hague accreditation. When Arkansas residents contract with one of these agencies that are outside the state of Arkansas for child placement services, Grace may fulfill some, or all of the responsibilities listed below.
Grace has four responsibilities in an international adoption.
Performing a home study and report on prospective adoptive parent(s).
Making a non-judicial determination of a child’s best interests and of the appropriateness of an adoptive placement (very rarely happens).
Monitoring a case after a child has been placed with prospective adoptive parent(s) until the monitoring requirements of the child’s country of origin have been satisfied.
Assuming custody of a child and providing childcare or any other social service, when necessary because of a disruption pending alternative placement. This function is dependent on the specific circumstances of the disruption and the interagency agreement that exists with the child-placing agency that arranged the adoption in the foreign country.
An agency that is not a licensed child placement agency in Arkansas, but is licensed in another state and has international programs has three responsibilities:
Identifying a child for adoption.
Verifying the child’s orphan status.
Arranging an adoption in the country of origin, if possible (a few countries do not permit foreigners to adopt children in the country of origin but will consent to a guardianship and require the adoption be finalized in the adoptive parents’ home country).
If the adoption occurs in a Hague country the above noted agency must be Hague accredited and must supervise the entire adoption process, including final approval of the home study that is prepared.
We are happy to say that Grace has never had to remove a child from a disrupted adoptive placement. Grace does, however, perform the home study, occasionally may make non-judicial determinations regarding the child’s best interests (usually paperwork for re-adoption process), and monitor the placement until the reporting requirements of the child’s country of birth have been satisfied. Grace will also guide Arkansas residents through:
The dossier compilation process, which includes the approval process with the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services.
The certification or apostille process with the Arkansas Secretary of State.
The Recognition of Foreign Adoption Decree (called Re-adoption in some states).